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Pineapple

The map below shows the climatically optimum growth areas for pineapple across South Africa*.


*South Africa accounts for 6 percent of the world`s pineapple production in a market dominated by Thailand, Indonesia, the Phillipines and Kenya (SA Yearbook, 2005). Of the 6 350 ha planted to pineapple in South Africa, 69 percent is in the Eastern Cape and 30 percent in KwaZulu-Natal (Statistics SA, 2002). For pineapple production potential, precipitation is evaluated as follows: Monthly precipitation is divided by 10, with any monthly amount in excess of 100 mm scoring 10. The largest possible annual precipitation score would thus be 120, areas with MAP less than 500 mm are considered unsuitable for pineapple production, except under irrigation, areas with more than 3 consecutive months less than 15 mm or 4 consecutive months less than 25 mm or 5 consecutive months less than 40 mm precipitation per month are also considered unsuitable without supplementary irrigation.

Source: Schulze, R.E, and Maharaj, M. 2007. “Pineapples: Optimum Growth Areas.” In: South African Atlas of Climatology and Agrohydrology. Vol. 1489/1/06. Water Research Commission. http://sarva2.dirisa.org/resources/documents/beeh/Section%2017.3%20Pineapples.pdf.